What’s the Difference Between Phonics and Phonemic Awareness?

Notes from Shifting the Balance: 6 Ways to Bring the Science of Reading into the Balanced Literacy Classroom 

Check it out here on Amazon

Shift 2: Recommitting to Phonemic Awareness Instruction

Misunderstanding 2: Phonemic awareness and phonics are the same thing

Phonemic awareness involves only spoken sounds, without letters attached.

Once you begin attaching letters to those sounds, phonemic awareness begins to overlap with phonics work.

Phonological Awareness vs. Phonemic Awareness vs. Phonics

Phonological Awareness: The umbrella term for any work helping students learn to notice/manipulate sounds in speech.

  • -Work on the word
  • -Work on syllables
  • -Work on the Phonemic level

 

Phonemic Awareness: Subcategory of Phonological Awareness. Helps students learn to:

  • -Articulate
  • -Notice the individual speech sounds in words
  • -Manipulate the individual speech sounds in words

 

Phonics: Helping students learn the relationships between the sounds in our spoken language and the symbols that represent them.

  • -Identifying letter names
  • -Identifying letter sounds
  • -Using decoding to unlock written words
  • -Using encoding to translate spoken words into written words

 

Join the phonics launch team!

<Read Part 4: Why Phonological Awareness Does NOT Occur Naturally

Read Part 6: What is The Alphabetic Principle?>

 

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